TOEFL (Test of English as Foreign Language) Exam

The TOEFL stand for Test of English as a Foreign Language and this exam is a test that measures your English language proficiency for academic, immigration and professional purposes.

It has four (4) sections: Reading, Listening, Speaking and Writing and the test is taken online at authorized test centers worldwide and takes around 3 hours to complete. The TOEFL exam fee is (INR 16046). You can register for the TOEFL exam online by email.

The exam date of TOEFL is available throughout the year and you can choose the date and location according to your suits you best.

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How Can I Prepare for the TOEFL Exam?

There are several ways to prepare for TOEFL exam, depending on your level of English & your goals. Here are some general tips to help you get ready for the test:

Read and listen to English news:  This will surely help you to improve your grammar, vocabulary and comprehension skills. You can also learn about different topics that might appear on the TOEFL reading and listening sections.

Converse with native English speakers: This will help you practice your speaking and listening skills and get familiar with different accents and expressions. You can also record yourself and listen to your own pronunciation and fluency.

Learn the TOEFL test format: This will help you understand what to expect on each section of the test and how to manage your time effectively. You can also learn about the types of questions and tasks that appear on the TOEFL reading, listening, speaking and writing sections.

Take practice tests: This will help you measure your progress and identify your strengths and weaknesses. You can surely get feedback on your own performance and learn from your mistakes. You can access free practice tests.

How Long Will It Take to Prepare for TOEFL Exam?

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Well, the time required to prepare for TOEFL exam fully depends on your level of English and your target score. According to some experts, two weeks is enough time to prepare for the TOEFL after GRE. And the average time for preparation for the TOEFL is 2 to 3 months. If you have a well-planned schedule and practice regularly, you might even score 114 out of 120 with the preparation of two weeks.

As far as preparation for TOEFL in a short time, you need to know the different types of material and questions that appear in TOEFL for reading, listening, speaking and writing sections. You also need to practice your skills with free practice tests and other resources available on the official TOEFL website or through your ETS account.

TOEFL Exam Pattern in 2023

The TOEFL iBT (Internet-based Test) has remained relatively consistent over the years. It typically consists of four (4) sections: Reading, Listening, Speaking, and Writing. Here’s a general overview of the TOEFL iBT exam pattern as of my knowledge cutoff:

Reading Section: This section assesses your ability to understand and analyze written English texts. You’ll be presented with 3 to 4 academic passages, followed by a set of multiple-choice questions.

Listening Section: In this section, you’ll listen to various audio recordings, such as lectures, conversations, and classroom discussions. After each listening passage, you’ll answer questions based on the information you heard.

Speaking Section: The speaking section evaluates your ability to express your ideas in spoken English. It typically includes six tasks, including personal opinions, summarizing information, and expressing your preferences.

Writing Section: This section measures your ability to write coherent and well-organized responses. It consists of two tasks: an integrated task where you read a passage, listen to a lecture, and then write a response and an independent task where you express your personal opinion on a given topic.

The duration of the TOEFL iBT exam is approximately 3 hours. Each section is timed, and the test is conducted entirely on a computer. It’s essential to check the official TOEFL website or consult reliable sources closer to 2023 for the most up-to-date and accurate information on the exam pattern, as it may undergo changes or modifications over time.

TOEFL Exam Pattern and Syllabus

Exam Pattern:

The TOEFL iBT consists of four sections: Reading, Listening, Speaking, and Writing. The entire test is conducted on a computer, and the duration is approximately 3 hours. Here’s a breakdown of each section:

Reading Section (60-80 minutes):

You’ll read 3 to 4 academic passages.

Each passage is followed by 10 to 14 questions.

The questions assess your ability to understand and analyze written English.

Listening Section (60-90 minutes):

  • You’ll listen to various audio recordings, including conversations, lectures, and classroom discussions.
  • Each audio passage is followed by 5 to 6 questions.
  • The questions test your comprehension of spoken English.

Speaking Section (20 minutes):

  • You’ll complete 6 speaking tasks.
  • Some tasks require you to express your opinion, while others involve summarizing information or discussing a given topic.
  • You’ll record your responses using a microphone.

Writing Section (50 minutes):

  • You’ll complete 2 writing tasks.
  • The first task is integrated, where you read a passage, listen to a lecture, and then write a response.
  • The second task is independent, where you express your opinion on a given topic.
  • It’s important to note that the order of the sections may vary, and there may be additional unscored or experimental questions included in the test.


The TOEFL iBT syllabus covers a range of language skills necessary for academic purposes. Here are the key areas you should focus on when preparing for the exam:


  • Vocabulary: understanding word meaning, context, and relationships.
  • Understanding rhetorical functions and organization of academic texts.
  • Identifying main ideas, supporting details, and implied meanings.
  • Making inferences and understanding the author’s purpose.


  • Understanding spoken English in academic contexts.
  • Identifying the main idea and supporting details.
  • Recognizing the speaker’s attitude, purpose, and function.
  • Making inferences and connections between ideas.


  • Expressing personal opinions and preferences.
  • Summarizing information from reading and listening passages.
  • Describing and comparing viewpoints.
  • Organizing and delivering a coherent speech.


  • Writing integrated responses that combine information from reading and listening sources.
  • Expressing and supporting your opinion on a given topic.
  • Organizing ideas coherently and logically.
  • Demonstrating good grammar, vocabulary, and sentence structure.

It’s important to refer to official TOEFL preparation materials, practice tests, and resources provided by ETS (Educational Testing Service), the organization that administers the TOEFL, for the most accurate and up-to-date information on the exam pattern and syllabus.

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