Some Rule to know about gendered in Spanish

As we know there are many as gendered languages, Spanish nouns all have a (Gender): either masculine or feminine.

First of all, this is one of the first grammar points for beginner Spanish learners; previously this can still be one of the most challenging to get used to as an English speaker!

Well In this post, you will learn everything you need to know about correctly for using gender of nouns in Spanish, also some important tips to help you get the hang of them as quickly as possible.

What Is Gender in Spanish?

Today we are going to learn very important points about Gendered in Spanish here Spanish is a gendered language, which means that all nouns—are either masculine or feminine.

Their gender can change other words that follow or precede them,

Like adjectives.

But when we use gendered pronouns for people:

Example.  Yo(I ) , él (He) and ella (She), Usted (You Formal).

Instead, we use gendered articles for this.

Gendered articles in Spanish

As we just elaborated, every noun in Spanish has a specific article that denotes the gender of the word.

There are two types of articles in Spanish: 

Definite and Indefinite Articles. And both types are gendered.

In English,

Definite Article: The (El and La)

Indefinite Article: A and An (Un and Una)

There are nine total gendered articles but we will study some in Spanish:

Definite Article: The (El and La)

*Singular Noun To Plural Noun: (El to Los)

*Singular Noun To Plural Noun: (La to Las)

Singular Masculine Noun:

The Book –El libro        (Masculine)

The Pen– La pluma    (Feminine)

The Boy–El chico       (Masculine)

The Girl–La chica      (Feminine)

Plural Masculine Noun:

These Books –Los libros

These Pens–   Las plumas

These Boys–Los chicos

These Girls–Las chicas

Indefinite Article: A and An (Un and Una)

Singular Masculine Noun:

A Book –Un libro        (Masculine)

A Pen– Una pluma    (Feminine)

A Boy–Un chico       (Masculine)

A Girl–Una chica      (Feminine)

Plural Masculine Noun:

Some Books –Unos libros

These Pens—Unas plumas

Some Boys–Unos chicos

Some Girls—Unas chicas

The singular forms of gendered articles can be used like in these sentences:

La casa es blanca — The house is white

El camisa es azul — The cloth is blue

Una mujer habla ingles — A woman speaks English

Un hombre está en la oficina ahora — A man is in the office now

Likewise, we can make these sentences plural by using the corresponding plural forms of the articles:

Las casas son blancas — The houses are white

Los vestidos son azules — The dresses are blue

Unas mujeres hablan español — Some women speak Spanish

Unos hombres están en la oficina — Some men are in the office

Lo is considered a neutral pronoun, but its most commonly used as a 

Direct Object Pronoun—which means it replaces a masculine noun to avoid repetition.

For example:

Yo tengo el libro (I have the book) → Yo lo tengo (I have it)

However, when used as a neutral pronoun, it can be used for arbitrary things or ideas that don’t necessarily have a gender, like this:

Lo que quiero — What I want

Lo que aprendiste — What you learnt

Gendered Adjectives in Spanish

You might’ve noted up on this one from the last few examples, but adjectives also have gender in Spanish.

However, they don’t have their own gender like nouns. Instead, they adopt the gender of the nouns they’re describing.

Some Spanish sentences to be grammatically correct, everything must match the gender and quantity of the noun—which means adjectives and articles have to become plural, singular, masculine or feminine depending on the noun.

Take a look at a few more examples and see how the adjectives and plurals change:

La chica es bonit— The girl is pretty

El hombre es viejo — The man is old

Las flores son rojas — The flowers are red

Los árboles son largos — The trees are long.

Rules for Noun Genders in Spanish

1. Nouns that end in “o” are masculine

When talking about living creatures, Nouns that end in “o” are masculine.


El perr— the male dog

El chic— the boy

El amig— the friend (Male)

2. Nouns that end in “a” are feminine

Similarly, when talking about living creatures, Nouns that end in “a” are feminine.


La perr— the female dog(bitch)

La chic— the girl

La amiga — the friend (Femal)

La revista –the magazine

3. Some male-associated nouns are feminine and vice versa

Not everything associated with a male will automatically be masculine, nor a female will automatically be feminine—only distinct living creatures fall under this categorization.

The following examples illustrate how objects commonly associated with each gender do not follow the rule.

La corbata — the necktie

El maquillaje — the makeup

El camisa — the clothing

Of course, there are thousands of nouns you see, which can make memorizing their genders seem impossible.

The more you interact with Spanish—whether through conversations with native speakers or by consuming Spanish content—the more you’ll learn to associate nouns with their correct genders.

It is the matter of strange that,

Some nouns break the “o” and “a” gender rules

Some languages exist within a strict framework of rules, yet they are alive, dynamic, and continuously evolving.  Therefore, there are always exceptions to the rules, and these exceptions turns to create new rules.

Some nouns that end in “a” are masculine, and some nouns that end in “o” are feminine.


Some singular masculine/feminine noun:

El dí— the day
El agua — the water
El cur— the priest
El planet— the planet

La fot— the photo
La mano — the hand
La radio — the radio
La moto — the motorcycle

And there you have it—Some Spanish gender rules and how to use them in Spanish sentences.

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